Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis

September 28, 2021by Health Desk


Symptoms & cause Ulcerative colitis Infographic

Ulcerative Colitis is an autoimmune condition, meaning a condition where the body’s immune system attacks healthy cells in the body. It is a type of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) that causes ulcers (sores) in the superficial lining of the colon and rectum.

Bowel Symptoms

  • Diarrhea
  • Bloody bowel movements
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sensation of incomplete
    emptying after a bowel
  • Urgency to pass bowel
  • Constipation
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Weight loss

Inflammatory bowel disease causes a variety of symptoms both in the bowel and outside the bowel. It is also characterized by flares and remissions. A flare is the reappearance or worsening of symptoms. There may be long periods when you do not experience any discomfort in between flare-ups or active disease symptoms. These periods are called remission. It causes a variety of symptoms both in the bowel and outside the bowel.


Non-Bowel Involvement Symptoms
Skin condition called Erythema Nodosum Tender red bumps typically on the shins
Skin condition called Pyoderma
Skin lesions that join and form deep
chronic ulcers
Arthritis Pain and swelling involving mostly the
large joints such as knees and hips
Eye conditions Redness, itching, sensitivity to light, vision
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC), a
rare condition causing inflammation of
the bile ducts which carry bile from the
liver to break down fats
Fatigue, itching, fevers, chills, night
Anemia, which is lack of enough healthy
red blood cells
Weakness, shortness of breath, irregular